• Home
  • Tutorials
  • Interviews
  • Info Seed
  • Forums
  • Projects
  • Links
  • Contact Us
Analog Electronics
INTRODUCTION TO SEMICONDUCTORS
TYPES OF MATERIAL & their COMPARISON
TEMPERATURE EFFECT ON MATERIALS
ATOMIC STRUCTURE OF SEMICONDUCTORS
P-TYPE SEMICONDUCTOR
N-TYPE SEMICONDUCTOR
MASS ACTION LAW
DIODES
MAKING OF DIODE
DIFFERENT FORCES ACTING ON CHARGE CARRIERS
DEPLETION WIDTH VARIATION with DOPING
CONNECTING BOTH ENDS OF DIODE
FORWARD BIASING DIODE
TRANSISTOR

 

 

Charge distribution of diode in Forward Biased state

When diode is forward biased, the majority carriers of both sides cross the junction and after reaching the other side, the charge carriers start combining. So holes from p-side start moving towards n-side and electrons from n-side start moving to p-side. When holes enter the n-side they become the minority carriers and just at the junction there would be high concentration of holes in n-side as the recombining has just started. Also all the holes can not recombine at the junction. Hence when we move away from the junction in the n-side, the concentration of holes is decreasing as more and more holes are recombining. This is also shown in the figure below. Similarly in the p-side, concentration of the electrons is high near the junction and it starts decreasing as we move away from the junction in the p-side.

The red curve shows the level of concentration of minority carriers at different distances on the both sides of junction and the shaded blue part shows the increase in the concentration of minority carriers after forward biasing the diode. There is a difference in the peak level of minority carriers as we have the difference in the doping level of both sides.

 

 

previous next
| Copyright © 2009 exploreroots- All Rights Reserved | Disclaimer |